IVF treatment has come out of the shadows a bit since 2001. Like his predecessor Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has identified Japan’s baby drought as a major point of government concern. Last month Suga said national health insurance would be expanded to cover fertility treatment for couples struggling to have children (at present, it is not). These treatments can cost ¥300,000 to ¥500,000 a cycle. Many women plough through their life savings in multiple, often fruitless attempts to get pregnant.